You’ll find he most certainly does address these topics in his last interview with Charlie Rose before his untimely death in ‘96. You may find the interview a bit of a reflection of The Demon-Haunted World, but relevant nonetheless.
1. As far as the current regimes (because there are indeed more than one)…Carl speaks on these issues in his book 'The Varieties of Scientific Experience: A Personal View of the Search for God.'
Excerpts from the book where Carl -not explicitly, but most assuredly generally- provides ground for what science means regarding psychology, spirituality, etc.:
"I would suggest that science is, at least in my part, informed worship."
“Many religions have attempted to make statues of their gods very large, and the idea, I suppose, is to make us feel small. But if that’s their purpose, they can keep their paltry icons. We need only look up if we wish to feel small.”
“I think if we ever reach the point where we think we thoroughly understand who we are and where we came from, we will have failed.”
“A new concept of god: “something not very different from the sum total of the physical laws of the universe; that is, gravitation plus quantum mechanics plus grand unified field theories plus a few other things equaled god. And by that all they meant was that here were a set of exquisitely powerful physical principles that seemed to explain a great deal that was otherwise inexplicable about the universe. Laws of nature…that apply not just locally, not just in Glasgow, but far beyond: Edinburgh, Moscow…Mars…the center of the Milky Way, and out by the most distant quarters known. That the same laws of physics apply everywhere is quite remarkable. Certainly that represents a power greater than any of us.”
“As science advances, there seems to be less and less for God to do. It’s a big universe, of course, so He, She, or It, could be profitably employed in many places. But what has clearly been happening is that evolving before our eyes has been a God of the Gaps; that is, whatever it is we cannot explain lately is attributed to God. And then after a while, we explain it, and so that’s no longer God’s realm.”
All of these are beautiful, applicable gems toward the current state of affairs throughout our societies. However, …regimes are prevalent due to ignorance. Ignorance is prevalent due to scientific illiteracy. The culprit amidst governmental, political, religious, cultural biases and ignorances is ultimately, education. That’s where it starts. A well-informed, knowledgeable and scientifically literate population of humans would and will be devoid of the symptoms we have been plagued with since antiquity.
2. Your question about animals is actually still being researched amongst neuroscientists, neurobiologists, evolutionary biologists and evolutionary psychologists. I’m not sure that animals actually sit and ponder in reflection the way the human mind can, but in terms of their brain chemistry, the fight-or-flight aspect of the brain is a natural precursor to their survival. Not all animals experience this, which results in predation. This would be a question better directed to a few neuroscience blogs I’m familiar with: neurosciencestuff, fuckyeahneuroscience, explore-blog, neuromorphogenesis, houseofmind, anthrocentric…that should point you in the right direction.